Calculation of direct and indirect emissions

Climate change

Yamamay has, for some time, monitored the emissions into the atmosphere from direct and indirect energy activities and consumption:

  • SCOPE 1: “Direct” emissions from the use of fossil fuels to power corporate vehicles
  • SCOPE 2: “Indirect” emissions attributable to the purchase of electricity produced by third parties and in places other than use, but still the responsibility of Yamamay as an end user

In particular, a reduction in scope 1 emissions should be noted, linked to the introduction of electric and hybrid company vehicles. With regard to scope 2, while energy consumption has seen an upwards trend,  increasing location-based emissions, on the other hand the increased use of renewable energy sources has enabled a reduction in market-based emissions. 


emission intensity


EMISSIONI (tCO2e) 2020 2021 2022
Scope 1 emissions      
Energy consumption 140.03 172.09 158.05
Scope 2 emissions      
Location Based 1,378.57 1,349.80 1,494.24
Market Based 2,273.18 2,382.52 1,906.62


In addition to Scope 1 and Scope 2 emissions, in 2022, Yamamay conducted an initial analysis of Scope 3 emissions along its value chain. The methodology used to calculate these emissions has been developed in line with the GHG Protocol, taking into account the entire value chain of Yamamay’s operations and the emission impacts upstream and downstream of its value chain.

  • SCOPE 3: “Indirect” emissions related to the Company’s value chain, both in the upstream and downstream phases. Although not directly controlled by Yamamay, they are still attributable to corporate activities. Among the categories identified by the GHG Protocol, Yamamay identified the following activities as applicable:


In this first year of reporting, many assumptions had to be made to compensate for the lack of some information necessary for the evaluation of all categories applicable to Yamamay.

The categories that emerged as most relevant correspond to the upstream activity category 1 – Purchased goods  and services – and to the downstream activity category 11  – Use of products sold – which weigh respectively 44% and 42% on the overall scope 3 impact.


The main contributions to the overall impact of Category 1 come from the raw materials of which the products are made (about 57%) and the manufacturing processes to arrive at the finished product (about 30%). The remaining 13% is due to the services used by the Company (about 6%) and to the packaging materials and those used at the points of sale.

The calculation of category 11 is primarily based on scenario assumptions associated with consumer washing habits and not strictly dependent on Yamamay reality. The main contribution to the overall impact of the use phase is associated with hand washing, which often involves heavy consumption of water and detergent.

This first exercise provided Yamamay with the coordinates to better set its path towards reducing the Company’s environmental footprint.